INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)

ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJCNIS Vol.6, No.5, Apr. 2014

Optimizing Concentric Circular Antenna Arrays for High-Altitude Platforms Wireless Sensor Networks

Full Text (PDF, 956KB), PP.1-8


Views:84   Downloads:2

Author(s)

Yasser Albagory, Omar Said

Index Terms

High altitude platforms;wireless sensor network;directional antennas;concentric circular arrays

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) has gained interest in many applications and it becomes important to improve its performance. Antennas and communication performance are most important issues of WSN. In this paper, an adaptive concentric circular array (CCA) is proposed to improve the link between the sink and sensor nodes. This technique is applied to the new High – Altitude Platform (HAP) Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). The proposed array technique is applied for two coverage scenarios; a wider coverage cell of 30 km radius and a smaller cell of 8 km radius. The feasibility of the link is discussed where it shows the possibility of communications between the HAP sink station and sensor nodes located on the ground. The proposed CCA array is optimized using a modified Dolph-Chebyshev feeding function. A comparison with conventional antenna models in literature shows that the link performance in terms of bit energy to noise power spectral density ratio can be improved by up to 11.37 dB for cells of 8 km radius and 16.8 dB in the case of 30 km radius cells that make the link at 2.4 GHz feasible and realizable compared to using conventional antenna techniques.

Cite This Paper

Yasser Albagory, Omar Said,"Optimizing Concentric Circular Antenna Arrays for High-Altitude Platforms Wireless Sensor Networks", IJCNIS, vol.6, no.5, pp.1-8, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2014.05.01

Reference

[1]Y. Wang, M. Wilkerson, X. Yu, "Hybrid Sensor Deployment for Surveillance and Target Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks", International Conference on Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (IWCMC), Istanbul, Turky, pp. 326 – 330, 2011. 

[2]R. Alageswaran, R. Usha, R. Gayathridevi, G. Kiruthika, "Design and implementation of dynamic sink node placement using Particle Swarm Optimization for life time maximization of WSN applications", IEEE International Conference on Advances in Engineering, Science and Management (ICAESM), Nagapattin, India, pp. 552 – 555, 30-31 March 2012.

[3]J. Salminen, L., Andrey, A. Yla-Jaaski, "Smart Trigger for Ultralow Power and Time Critical WSN Applications", IEEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications (GreenCom), Besan?on, France, 20-23 Nov. 2012.

[4]W. Yu , X. Qian, "Design of 3KW Wind and Solar Hybrid Independent Power Supply System for 3G Base Station", International Symposium on Knowledge Acquisition and Modeling, Wuhan, China, pp. 289 - 292, 2009. 

[5]M.F. Urso, M. Mondin, E. Falletti, F. Sellone, S. Arnon, "Self Organizing WSN Collaborative Beamforming for HAP Communications", IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops, LA, USA, pp. 1 – 5, Nov. 30 -Dec. 4 2008.

[6]A. Mohammed, A. Mehmood, F. Pavlidou and M. Mohorcic “The Role of High-Altitude Platforms (HAPs) in the Wireless Global Connectivity”, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 99, No. 11, pp. 1939 – 1953, Nov. 2011.

[7]J. Kim, D. Lee, J. Ahn and B. Ku, “Is HAPS Viable for the Next-Generation Telecommunication Platforms in Koria”, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Vol. 2008, doi: 1155/2008/596383, 2008.

[8]S. Karapantazis and F. Pavlidou “Broadband Communications via High-Altitude Platforms: A Survey”, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, First Quarter 2005, pp. 1-31, 2005.

[9]P. Pace and G. Aloi “Disaster Monitoring and Mitigation using Aerospace Technologies and Integrated Telecommunication Networks”, IEEE Aeropspace and Electronic Systems Magazine, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 3-9, April 2008.

[10]Yasser Albagory, “A Novel Design of Arbitrary Shaped Cells for Efficient Coverage from High Altitude Platforms", Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 1, 245- 254, 2008.

[11]Yasser Albagory Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “Geometrical Analysis of High Altitude Platforms Cellular Footprint,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 67, pp. 263-274, 2007.

[12]Yasser Albagory, Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “Design of High Altitude Platforms Cellular Communications,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 67, pp. 251-261, 2007.

[13]A. K. Widiawan and R. Tafazolli, "High Altitude Platform Station (HAPS): A Review of New Infrastructure Development for Future Wireless Communications", International Journal of Wireless Personal Communications, Springer 2006.

[14]M. Antonini et al., "Stratospheric Relay: Potentialities of New Satellite-High Altitude Platforms Integrated Scenarios", Proceeding IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2003, Mar. 8–15, Vol. 3, pp. 1211–19, Montana, USA, 2003.

[15]M. Oodo, R. Miura, T. Hori, T. Morisaki, K. Kashiki, and M. Suzuki, "Frequency sharing and compatibility study between fixed service using high altitude platform stations (HAPS) and other services in the 31/28 GHz bands", Proceedings of WPMC 2001, pp. 93–98, 2001.

[16]Y. Foo, W. Lim, and R. Tafazolli, "Centralized total received power based call admission control for high altitude platform station UMTS", Proceeding of IEEE PIMRC 2002, 2002.

[17]Yasser Albagory, Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “Efficient Sidelobe Reduction Technique for Small-Sized Concentric Circular Arrays,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 65, pp. 187-200, 2006.

[18]Yasser Albagory, Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “A Novel Tapered Beamforming Window for Uniform Concentric Circular Arrays” Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, JEMWA, Vol. 20, No. 14, pp. 2077-2088, 2006.

[19]Yasser Albagory, Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “Optimum Normalized-Gaussian Tapering Window for Side Lobe Reduction in Uniform Concentric Circular Arrays,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 69, pp. 35 –46, 2007.

[20]Yasser Albagory, “Sectorized Hamming Concentric Circular Arrays for Stratospheric Platforms Cellular Design”, International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security, Vol. 5 No. 9, pp. 21-27, 2013.

[21]C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 2nd Edition, John-Wiley & Sons, 1997.

[22]Yasser Albagory, Moawad Dessouky, Hamdy Sharshar, “An Approach for Dolph-Chebyshev Uniform Concentric Circular Arrays,” Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, JEMWA, Vol.21, No.6, pp.781 –794,2007.

[23]Z. Yang, and A. Mohammed, “High Altitude Platforms for Wireless Sensor Network applications”, IEEE International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems 2008, ISWCS2008, pp. 613-617. 2008.