International Journal of Education and Management Engineering(IJEME)

ISSN: 2305-3623 (Print), ISSN: 2305-8463 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJEME Vol.1, No.4, Oct. 2011

Evacuation Simulation of Counter-current Behavior Using Agent Model for Pedestrian Dynamics

Full Text (PDF, 232KB), PP.72-79

Views:60   Downloads:0


Xiaoan Zhao,Yanyan You,Ying Zhang

Index Terms

Pedestrian evacuation; microscopic Model; Agent; counter-current


It is an important issue that all occupants should be able to evacuate to safety from sports stadium under emergency. The behavior of occupants is quite complex, and individual behavior will greatly affect the result of the evacuation. Such as the phenomenon of counter-current behavior, sub-group behavior, following behavior and so on. In this paper, we mainly study the counter-current behavior, and a system simulation model is presented, which based on the agent technology. And in order to study the effect on evacuation, two cases have been studied to analyze the impact of evacuation. Simulation processes and results display that the counter-current behavior will be harmful for the movements of people. Simulation processes and results display that the model is very close to real movements of people.

Cite This Paper

Xiaoan Zhao,Yanyan You,Ying Zhang,"Evacuation Simulation of Counter-current Behavior Using Agent Model for Pedestrian Dynamics", IJEME, vol.1, no.4, pp.72-79, 2011.


[1]L.Z.Yang, D.L.Zhao, J.Li,T.Y.Fang.Simulation of the kin behavior in building occupant evacuation based on Cellular Automaton, Building and Environment 40(2005),pp. 411-415 (in Chinese).

[2]Jiang Yunliang and Xu Congfu, "Intelligent Agent and Multi-Agent System", Application Research of Computers, 2003.4 (in Chinese).

[3]J. Neumann In: A.W. Burks, Editor, Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata, University of Illinois Press, Urbana (1966).

[4]C. Burstedde, K. Klauck and A. Schadschneider et al, Simulation of pedestrian dynamics using a two dimensional cellular automaton, Physica, A 295 (324) (2001), pp. 507–525.

[5]Hao Yue,Hongzhi Guan,Juan Zhang,Chunfu Shao.Study on bi-direction pedestrian folw using cellular automata simulation,Physica A 389(2010), pp.527-539 (in Chinese).

[6]H.E. Nelson and H.A. MacLennan, Emergency movement, The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering (2nd ed) (1996), pp. 3-286–3-295. 

[7]Zheng Xiaoping,Li Wei,Guan Chao.Simulation of evacuation processes in a squre with a partition wall using a cellular automaton model for pedestrian dynamics, Physica A 389(2010)2177-2188 (in Chinese).

[8]Ying Zhang,Xiaoan Zhao,Lei Zhang,Xifa Huang. Study on the Agent-based Evacuation Simulation Models for Large Public Buildings[J]. 2009 Second International Conference on Intelligent Networks and Intelligent Systems,2009: 522~534.