International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business(IJIEEB)

ISSN: 2074-9023 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9031 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIEEB Vol.6, No.4, Aug. 2014

A Comparative Study of Arabic Text-to-Speech Synthesis Systems

Full Text (PDF, 370KB), PP.27-31

Views:94   Downloads:1


Najwa K. Bakhsh, Saleh Alshomrani, Imtiaz Khan

Index Terms

Arabic Text-to-Speech;Speech Synthesis;Visually Impaired People; Pronunciation Test; Intelligibility Test;DRT


Text-to-speech synthesis is the process of converting written text to speech. The lack of research on the growth of and the need for the Arabic language is notable. Therefore, this paper reports an empirical study that systematically compares two screen readers, namely, NonVisual Desktop Access (NVDA) and IBSAR. We measured the quality of these two systems in terms of standard pronunciation and intelligibility tests with visually impaired or blind people. The results revealed that NVDA outperformed IBSAR on the pronunciation tests. However, both systems gave competitive performance on the intelligibility tests.

Cite This Paper

Najwa K. Bakhsh, Saleh Alshomrani, Imtiaz Khan,"A Comparative Study of Arabic Text-to-Speech Synthesis Systems", IJIEEB, vol.6, no.4, pp.27-31, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijieeb.2014.04.04


[1]D. H. Klatt Review of text-to-speech conversion for English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 82(3), 1987.

[2]J. Allen, M. S. Hunnicutt and D Klatt. From Text to Speech. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1987.

[3]F. A. Nwesri, S. M. M. Tahaghoghi, and F. Scholer. Stemming Arabic conjunctions and prepositions. In Mariano Consens and Gonzalo Navarro, editors, String Processing and Information Retireval, 12th International Conference. Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp. 206-217, 2005.

[4]A. Youssef and O. Emam. An Arabic TTS System Based on the IBM Trainable Speech Synthesizer. In: Le traitement automatique de l’arabe, JEP–TALN 2004, Fès. 2004.

[5]Al-Wabil, H. Al-Khalifa and W. Al-Saleh. Arabic-Text-To-Speech Synthesis: A Preliminary Evaluation. In Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications. Vancouver, Canada, 2007, pp. 4423-4430. 

[6]P. J. Bigham, M. P. Craig and E. L. Richard. Engineering a Self-Voicing, Web-Browsing Web Application Supporting Accessibility Anywhere. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Engineering. New York, USA, 2008.

[7]Dutoit. An Introduction to Text-to-Speech Synthesis. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.

[8]J. Allen, M.S. Hunnicutt, and D. Klatt, From Text to Speech, The MITalk System, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

[9]J. N. Holmes. Formant Synthesizers: Cascade or Parallelm. Speech Communication, Vol 2, pp 251-273, 1983.

[10]M. M. Sondhi and D.J. Sinder. Articulatory modeling: a role in concatenative text-to-speech synthesis. Text to Speech Synthesis: New Paradigms and Advances, A. Alwan and S. Narayanan, Eds., Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, 2003.

[11]L. C. W. Pols, J. P. H. Santen, M. Abe, D. Kahn and E. Keller . The use of large text corpora for evaluation text-to-speech systems. In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 1998.

[12]Y. V. Alvarez and M. Huckvale. The reliability of the ITU-T P.85 standard for the evaluation of text-to-speech systems. In Proceedings of ICSLP2002. Denver, Colorado, pp. 329-332, 2002.

[13]D. G. Evans, E. A. Draffan, A. James, and P. Blenkhorn. Do Text-to-Speech Synthesisers Pronounce Correctly? A Preliminary Study. In proceedings of Computers Helping People with Special Needs. Springer, lecture series pp. 855-862, 2006.

[14]Stevens, N. Lees, J. Vonwiller and D. Burnham. On-line experimental methods to evaluate text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis: effects of voice gender and signal quality on intelligibility, naturalness and preference. Computer Speech and Language. Vol. 19, pp. 129-46, 2005.

[15]Y. Chang. Evaluation of TTS Systems in Intelligibility and Comprehension. In proceedings of the 23rd Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing. pp 64-78, 2008.

[16]M. Zeki, O. O. Khalifa and A. W. Naji. Development of an Arabic text-to-speech system. International Conference on Computer Communication Engineering. pp. 1-5, 2010.

[17]M. Z. Rashad, H. M. El-Bakry, I. R. Isma'il. Diphone Speech Synthesis System for Arabic Using MARY TTS. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology. Vol 2(4), 2010.

[18]M. F. Spiegel, M.J. Altom, and M.J. Macchi. Comprehensive assessment of the telephone intelligibility of synthesized and natural speech. Speech Communication. Vol 9, pp. 279-291, 1990.