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International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP)

ISSN: 2074-9074 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9082 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIGSP Vol.10, No.11, Nov. 2018

A Machine Learning Algorithm for Biomedical Images Compression Using Orthogonal Transforms

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Author(s)

Aurelle Tchagna Kouanou, Daniel Tchiotsop, René Tchinda, Christian Tchito Tchapga, Adelaide Nicole Kengnou Telem, Romanic Kengne

Index Terms

Biomedical Color Image;Machine Learning;Vector Quantization;Discrete Walsh Transform;Discrete Chebyshev Transform

Abstract

Compression methods are increasingly used for medical images for efficient transmission and reduction of storage space. In this work, we proposed a compression scheme for colored biomedical image based on vector quantization and orthogonal transforms. The vector quantization relies on machine learning algorithm (K-Means and Splitting Method). Discrete Walsh Transform (DWaT) and Discrete Chebyshev Transform (DChT) are two orthogonal transforms considered. In a first step, the image is decomposed into sub-blocks, on each sub-block we applied the orthogonal transforms. Machine learning algorithm is used to calculate the centers of clusters and generates the codebook that is used for vector quantization on the transformed image. Huffman encoding is applied to the index resulting from the vector quantization. Parameters Such as Mean Square Error (MSE), Mean Average Error (MAE), PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio), compression ratio, compression and decompression time are analyzed. We observed that the proposed method achieves excellent performance in image quality with a reduction in storage space. Using the proposed method, we obtained a compression ratio greater than 99.50 percent. For some codebook size, we obtained a MSE and MAE equal to zero. A comparison between DWaT, DChT method and existing literature method is performed. The proposed method is really appropriate for biomedical images which cannot tolerate distortions of the reconstructed image because the slightest information on the image is important for diagnosis. 

Cite This Paper

Aurelle Tchagna Kouanou, Daniel Tchiotsop, René Tchinda, Christian Tchito Tchapga, Adelaide Nicole Kengnou Telem, Romanic Kengne, "A Machine Learning Algorithm for Biomedical Images Compression Using Orthogonal Transforms", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.10, No.11, pp. 38-53, 2018.DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2018.11.05

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