International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS)

ISSN: 2074-9007 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9015 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJITCS Vol.6, No.8, Jul. 2014

eSMS - a Semantics-assisted Emergency Information System Based on Social Media

Full Text (PDF, 275KB), PP.18-24

Views:56   Downloads:0


Juan Li, Qingrui Li, Ashok Ginjala, Nazia Zaman

Index Terms

Emergency Management, Information System, Social Media, Semantics, Semantic Web


Natural and man-made disasters pose an ever-present threat to our society. Providing real time information is vital in emergency management. Current disaster information systems only use and manage relatively limited information, such as, within an organization or with a few organizations which have an agreement on information content and format. As a result, a large amount of potentially precious information and natural volunteer workers are ignored. On the other hand, social media have been used by people to propagate emergent situations. Therefore, in this project, we aim to maximally utilize all of the available emergency-related information from various sources of social media to better manage natural and man-made disasters. In particular, we propose a semantics-extended social search engine that can fetch highly relevant information from social media for emergency management purpose.

Cite This Paper

Juan Li, Qingrui Li, Ashok Ginjala, Nazia Zaman,"eSMS - a Semantics-assisted Emergency Information System Based on Social Media", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), vol.6, no.8, pp.18-24, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijitcs.2014.08.03


[1]Kaplan, A. M., Haenlein, M. "Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media". Business Horizons 53 (1): 59–68, 2010.

[2]Hancock, C, Johnson, CW, “Thinking the Unthinkable: Exposing the Vulnerabilities in the NHS Response to Coordinated Terrorist Actions.”, In the International Systems Safety Conference. 2007.

[3]Starbird, K., Palen, L., Hughes, A. L., Vieweg, S., “Chatter on the red: what hazards threat reveals about the social life of microblogged information”, Proceedings of the 2010 ACM

[4]Li, J., Li, Q., Khan S., Ghani, N. "Community-Based Cloud for Emergency Management", 6th IEEE International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE), Albuquerque, NM, USA, June 2011.

[5]Li, J., Li, Q., Liu, C., Khan S., Ghani, N. "Community-Based Collaborative Information System for Emergency Management", Computers & Operations Research – Elsevier, forth coming.

[6]O'Brien, G., Read, P., "Future UK emergency management: new wine, old skin?", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 14 Iss: 3, pp.353 – 361, 2005.

[7]Wattegama, C., “ICT for Disaster Management, Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme” e-Primers for the Information Economy, Society and Polity. 2007. 

[8]Wybo, J-L.and Lonka, H., Emergency management and information society: How to improve synergy?, Int. J. Emergency Management, 1, 2, 183-190. 2002.

[9]Mendonca, D., Jefferson, T. and Harrald, J. “Collaborative Adhocracies and Mix-and-Match Technologies in Emergency Management”, Communications of the ACM, 50, 3, 45-49. 2007.

[10]Fiedrich, F. and Burghardt, P. , "Agent-based systems for disaster management," Commun. ACM, vol. 50, pp. 41- 42, 2007.

[11]Palen, L. and Liu, S. Citizen communications in disaster: Anticipating a future of ICT-supported public participation. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI `07). ACM Press, NY, 2007.

[12]Fabbri, K., and Weets,G., "ICT for Environmental Risk Management in the EU Research Context", GEO-INFORMATION FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005.

[13]Carver, L. and Turoff, M. , "Human-computer interaction: the human and computer as a team in emergency management information systems," Commun. ACM, vol.50, pp. 33-38, 2007.

[14]Becker, S. “Emergency communication and information issues in terrorist events involving radioactive materials”. Biosecurity Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy Pract. Sci. 2(3):195–20, 2004.

[15]Hagar, C. "The information and social needs of Cumbrian farmers during the UK 2001 foot and mouth disease outbreak and the role of information and communication technologies." The socio-cultural impact of foot and mouth disease in the UK in (2001). 

[16]Nerlich, B. eds. The Socio-Cultural Impact of Foot and Mouth Disease in the UK in 2001: Experiences and Analyses., Manchester University Press. 2009.

[17]Kreps, GL, Alibek, K, Neuhauser, L, Rowan, KE, Sparks, L. “Emergency/risk communication to promote public health and respond to biological threats”, pp. 349–62. 2005.

[18]Currion, P., Silva, C.D., Walle,B.V., "Open source software for disaster management", Communications of the ACM - Emergency response information systems: emerging trends and technologies CACM Homepage table of contents archive, Volume 50 Issue 3, March 2007.

[19]Okolloh, O., Ushahidi, or ‘testimony’: Web 2.0 tools for crowdsourcing crisis information, Participatory Learning and Action, 2009 .

[20]Careem, M., Silva, C. D., Silva, R. D., Raschid, L., and Weerawarana, S. (2006) “Sahana: Overview of a disaster management system. In IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation,” 2006.

[21]SwiftRiver Website: