INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS)

ISSN: 2074-9007 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9015 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJITCS Vol.9, No.2, Feb. 2017

Advanced Prediction Based Mobility Support for 6LoWPAN Wireless Sensor Networks

Full Text (PDF, 616KB), PP.47-57


Views:112   Downloads:17

Author(s)

Riaz Ahmed Khan, Ajaz Hussain Mir

Index Terms

IP Mobility;PMIPv6 (Proxy Mobile IPv6);Handoff latency;Packet Loss;6LoWPAN (IPv6 enabled low power personal area networks);IOT (Internet of Things)

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Nodes (SNs), the key elements for building Internet of Things (IOT) have been deployed widely in order to get and transmit information over the internet. IPv6 over low power personal area network (6LoWPAN) enabled their connectivity with IPV6 networks. 6LoWPAN has mobility and it can find an extensive application space only if provides mobility support efficiently. Existing mobility schemes are focused on reducing handoff (HO) latency and pay less attention towards packet loss and signaling cost. In time critical applications under IOT, packet loss and excessive signaling cost are not acceptable. This paper proposes a scheme based on advanced mobility prediction for reducing extra signaling cost and packet loss that incurs due to connection termination in traditional schemes such as Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) handover. In our proposed scheme 6LoWPAN WSN architecture with IPv6 addressing is presented. Based on this architecture the mobility algorithm is proposed for reducing signaling cost, packet loss by buffering mechanism and HO latency in particular. In the algorithm layer 2 (L2) and layer 3 (L3) HO is performed simultaneously with prior HO prediction with no Care of Address (CoA) configuration which also reduces signaling cost to some extent. The proposed scheme is analyzed theoretically and evaluated for different performance metrics. Data results showed significant improvements in reducing packet loss, signaling cost and HO latency when compared to standard PMIPv6 in time critical scenarios.

Cite This Paper

Riaz Ahmed Khan, Ajaz Hussain Mir,"Advanced Prediction Based Mobility Support for 6LoWPAN Wireless Sensor Networks", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), Vol.9, No.2, pp.47-57, 2017. DOI: 10.5815/ijitcs.2017.02.06

Reference

[1]Julien Montavont, Damien Roth, Thomas Noël. Mobile IPv6 in internet of things: analysis, experimentations and     optimizations. Jr. of Ad Hoc Networks, March 2014, Volume 14, pp. 15-25.

[2]M. Singh, S. Singh, P. Pancholi, N. Saxena, R. K. Mehrotra. Modeling of machine to machine communication networks.  In Proc. ICT, 2013, pp. 258-162.

[3]D. Miorandi, S. Sicari, F. De Pellegrini, I. Chlamtac. Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges.  Journal of Ad Hoc Networks, 2012, pp. 1497-1516.

[4]D. Johnson, C. Perkins, J. Arkko.  Mobility support in IPv6. IETF RFC 3775, Internet engineering task force, June 2004.

[5]Gundavelli, S.; Leung, K.; Devarapalli, V.; Chowdhury, K.; Patil, B. Proxy mobile IPv6. August 2008, RFC 5213.

[6]Vasaka Visoottiviseth, Pairat Ngamtura. On the Performance of MIPv6 and FMIPv6 based on real IPv6 applications over IEEE 802.11g Testbeds. Int. Symposium on Commun. and Inf. Technol. (ISCIT), Oct. 2010, pp. 1217-1222.

[7]Riaz A Khan, A H Mir. A Simulation Based Study of IP Mobility over IPv6 Networks.  In Proc. Int. conf. Innovative App. of Comput. Intelligence on Power, Energy and Controls with their Impact on Humanity (CIPECH14), Nov. 2014, pp. 196-201.

[8]Myung-Kyu Yi, Jin-Woo Choi, Young-Kyu Yang. A comparative analysis on the signaling load of proxy mobile IPv6 and hierarchical mobile IPv6. In Proc. 4th IEEE Int. Symposium on Wireless Pervasive Computing (ISWPC), Feb. 2009, pp. 1-5.

[9]Jinho Kim, R. Haw, Eung Jun Cho, Choong Seon Hong, Sungwon Lee. A 6LoWPAN sensor node mobility scheme based on proxy mobile IPv6. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Dec. 2012, vol.11, no.12, pp. 2060-2072.

[10]R. Silva, J. S. Silva, F. Boavida.  A proposal for proxy-based mobility in WSNs.  Journal of Comp. Commun. 2012, Vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1200–1216.

[11]Y. Li, Y. Jiang, H. Su, D. Jin, L. Su, L. ZengA. A group based handoff scheme for correlated mobile nodes in proxy mobile IPv6. In Proc. Global Telecommunication Conf., Dec. 2009, pp. 1-6.

[12]Islam MM, Huh EN. Sensor proxy mobile IPv6 (SPMIPv6) – a novel scheme for mobility supported IP-WSNs. Sensors 2011, 11(2), pp. 1865–1887.

[13]Xiaonan Wang, Hongbin Cheng. Research on seamless mobility handover for 6LoWPAN wireless sensor networks. Telecommun Syst 2015, pp. 1–17.

[14]Oliveira LM, De Sousa AF, Rodrigues JJ. Routing and mobility approaches in IPv6 over LOWPAN mesh networks. Int. J. Commun. Syst. 2011, Vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1446-1466.

[15]Soliman H, Castellucia C, El Malki K, Bellier L. Hierarchical mobile IPv6 mobility management (HMIPv6). Aug. 2005, RFC 4140.

[16]Jabir AJ, Subramaniam SK, Ahmed ZZ, et al. A cluster based proxy mobile IPv6 for IP-WSNs. EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2012, vol. 1, pp. 1-17.

[17]Akyildiz IF, Xie J., Mohanty S. A survey of mobility management in next-generation all-IP-based wireless systems. IEEE trans. Wireless Communications, Aug. 2004, Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 16-28.

[18]Kempf J. Problem statement for network-based localized mobility management. April 2007, RFC 4830.

[19]Ping Dong, Hongke Zhang, Hongbin Luo, Ting-Yun Chi, Sy-Yen Kuo. A network-based mobility management scheme for future Internet. Computers & Electrical Engineering, March 2010, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp. 291-302.

[20]Bag G, Raza M T, Kim K H, Yoo S W. LowMob: Intra PAN mobility support schemes for 6LoWPAN. Sensors, July 2009, Vol. 9, no.7, pp. 5844-5877.

[21]Minkeun Ha, Daeyoung Kim, Seong Hoon Kim, Sungmin Hong. Inter-MARIO: A fast and seamless mobility protocol to support Inter_PAN handover in 6LoWPAN. In Proc. Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM), Dec. 2010, pp. 1-6.

[22]Juha Petajajarvi, Heikki Karvonen. Soft handover for mobile wireless sensor networks based on 6LoWPAN. In Proc. Int. Conf. Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems and Workshops (DCOSS), June 2011, pp. 1-6.

[23]Sergio Gonzalez, Min Chen, Leung V.C.M. Mobility support for health monitoring at home using wearable sensors. IEEE trans. Information technology in Biomedicine, July 2011, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 539-549.

[24]Md. Motaharul Islam, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Eui-Nam Huh. Sensor proxy mobile IPv6 (SPMIPv6) - A framework of mobility supported IP-WSN. In Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), Dec. 2010, pp. 295-299.

[25]Jinho Kim, Haw R., Eung Jun Cho, Choong Seon Hong, Sungwon Lee. A 6LoWPAN sensor node mobility scheme based on proxy mobile IPv6. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Dec. 2012, vol.11, no.12, pp. 2060-2072.

[26]Sofiane Imadali, Karanasiou A., Petrescu A., Sifniadis I., Veque V., Angelidis P. EHealth service support in IPv6 vehicular networks. In Proc. 8th Int. Conf. wireless and mob. comput. networking and communications (WiMob), Oct. 2012, pp. 579-585.

[27]Shahamabadi M.S., Bin Mohd Ali B., Varahram P., Jara A. J. A network mobility solution based on 6LoWPAN hospital wireless sensor network (NEMO-HWSN). In Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing, July 2013, pp. 433-438.

[28]Cheng-Wei Lee, Meng Chang Chen, Yeali S. Sun. A novel network mobility management scheme supporting seamless handover for high-speed trains. Computer Communications, Jan. 2014, Vol. 37, pp. 53-63.

[29]Ricardo Silva, Jorge Sa Silva, Fernando Boavida. Mobility in wireless sensor networks – Survey and proposal, Computer Communications, Volume 52, 1 October 2014, pp. 1-20.

[30]Xiaonan Wang, Qi Sun, Yuan Yang. A cross-layer mobility support protocol for wireless sensor networks, Computers & Electrical Engineering, Volume 48, November 2015, pp. 330-342.

[31]Wireless Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications for Low-rate Wireless personal area Networks. (Sept. 2006). IEEE Standard 802.15.4, 2003.

[32]Khan R.A., Mir A.H. EMS: Enhanced mobility scheme for controlled and lossy networks. In International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT), 8-10 Oct. 2015, pp. 655-660.

[33]Yuh-Shyan Chen, Chih-Shun Hsu, Hau-Kai Lee. An enhanced group mobility protocol for 6LoWPAN-based wireless body area networks. IEEE trans. Sensors Journal, March 2014, Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 797-807.

[34]Kim H.S., Park S.H., Park C.S., Kim J.W., Ko S.J. Selective channel scanning for fast handoff for wireless LAN using neighbor graph. In Proc. Int. Conf. Pers. Wireless Commun. Sept.2004, pp. 194-203.