INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS)

ISSN: 2075-0161 (Print), ISSN: 2075-017X (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJMECS Vol.10, No.3, Mar. 2018

Preliminary Study on Multi-Factors Affecting Adoption of E-Learning Systems in Universities: A Case of Open University of Tanzania (OUT)

Full Text (PDF, 625KB), PP.29-37


Views:76   Downloads:3

Author(s)

Deogratius M Lashayo, Md Gapar Md Johar

Index Terms

E-learning systems;adoption;universities;factors;model;DeLone and McLean model;preliminary;Tanzania

Abstract

Literature show that there are limited factors for existing models in e-learning systems’ adoption. This has raised an increasing sensible debate about factors affecting successful adoption of e-leaning systems in universities in developing world particularly in Tanzania. This preliminary study aimed at exploring multiple factors for successful adoption of e-learning systems in universities in learner perspective, using DeLone and McLean (2003) IS success model as a base model. This study was conducted by collecting data randomly, using the questionnaire from students of Open Universities of Tanzania (OUT) with response rate of 0.83 in a cross-sectional study and later analyzed through content validity, reliability, and criterion-based predictive validity. The preliminary analysis shows that there are twelve distinctive factors affecting e-learning systems’ adoption in universities in Tanzania. This finding suggests more empirical research studies to follow it up, to cement and generalize this case and validate the proposed model in large scale. The novelty of this research lies on the number and uniqueness of factors found.

Cite This Paper

Deogratius M Lashayo, Md Gapar Md Johar, " Preliminary Study on Multi-Factors Affecting Adoption of E-Learning Systems in Universities: A Case of Open University of Tanzania (OUT)", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.10, No.3, pp. 29-37, 2018.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2018.03.04

Reference

[1]E. Lwoga and M. Komba, “Antecedents of continued usage intentions of web-based learning management systems in Tanzania” Education+Training, pp.738-756, 2015, [Accessed: 03/05/2016], Available: doi:10.1108/ET-02-2014-0014.

[2]S. Ozkan, and R. Koseler, “Multi-dimensional Students’ Evaluation of E-learning Systems in the Higher Education Context: An Empirical Investigation”, Computers & Education, vol.53, no.4, pp.1285-1296, 2009.

[3]T. Ahmed, “Toward Successful E-learning Implementation in Developing Countries:A proposed Model for Predicting and Enhancing Higher Educations' Participation”,  International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol.3, no.1, pp.422-425, 2013, [Online]. Available:  http://www.hrmars.com/admin/pics/1485.pdf

[4]T. Monahan, G. McArdle, and M. Bertolotto, “Virtual reality for collaborative elearning”, Computers & Education, vol.50, pp.1339–1353, 2008.

[5]S. Wang, S. Liaw, & Y.S. Wang. “Assessment of learner satisfaction with asynchronous electronic learning systems”. Information Management Journal, vol. 41, no.1, pp.75–86, 2003.

[6]M.K. Maina, and D.M. Nzuki, “Adoption Determinants of E-learning Management System in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya: A Case of Selected Universities in Nairobi Metropolitan”, International Journal of Business and Social Science, pp.233-248, 2015.

[7]K. Yatigammana, M.J.M. Gapar, and C. Gunawardhana, “Postgraduate Students' Perceived E-learning Acceptance: Model Validation”, International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management, pp.51-60, 2013.

[8]U. Ehlers, “Web 2.0 – e-learning 2.0 – quality 2.0? Quality for new learning cultures”, Quality Assurance in Education, vol.17, no.3, pp.296-314, 2009.

[9]A. Fidani, & F. Idrizi, “Investigating students’ acceptance of a learning management system in university education: a structural equation modeling approach”, ICT Innovations 2012 Web Proceedings ISSN 1857-7288, pp. 311-320, 2012.

[10]W.R. Watson, and S.L. Watson, (2007), “An argument for clarity: what are learning management systems, what are they not, and what should they become? TechTrends”, Springer Verlag, vol. 51, no.2, pp.28-34, 2007.

[11]M.Aparicio, F. Bacao, and T. Oliveira, “An e-Learning Theoretical Framework”, Educational Technology & Society, vol.19, no.1, pp.192-307, 2016, [Accessed: 20/06/2016], Available: http://www.ifets.info/journals/19_1/24.pdf

[12]S. Isaacs, & D. Hollow, “The eLearning Africa 2012 Report”, ICWE, 2012.

[13]G. Ssekakubo, H. Suleman, and G. Marsden, “Issues of Adoption: Have E-Learning Management Systems Fulfilled their Potential in Developing Countries?”, In Proceedings of the South African Institute of Computer Scientists and Information Technologists Conference on Knowledge, Innovation and Leadership in a Diverse Multidisciplinary Environment, pp. 231–238, 2011, Cape Town, South Africa.

[14]S. Adkins, “The Worldwide Market for Self-paced eLearning Products and Services: 2011-2016 Forecast and Analysis”, 2013.

[15]T. Unwin, B. Kleessen, D. Hollow, J. Williams, L.M. Oloo, J. Alwala, I. Mutimucuio, F. Eduardo, and X. Muianga, “Digital Learning Management System in Africa: Myths and Realities”, The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, vol.25, no.1, pp.5-23, 2010.

[16]D.M. Lashayo, and M.Gapar, “A review of e-learning systems' adoption in Tanzania universities”, South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, vol 13, no. 2, pp.111-118, (2017).  [Accessed:03/10/2017]. Available: http://seajbel.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/K13-252

[17]G.M. Munguatosha, B.M. Paul, and L. Thaddeus, “A social networked learning adoption model for higher education institutions in developing countries”, On the Horizon, vol.19, no.4, pp.307 – 320, 2011.

[18]TCU Register-of-universities, [Accessed:03/10/2016], Available: http://www.tcu.go.tz/images/documents/RegisteredUniversity.pdf, 2016.

[19]E. Lwoga, “Making learning and Web 2.0 technologies work for higher learning institutions in Africa”, Campus-Wide Information Systems, vol.29, no.2, pp.90-107, 2012.

[20]C. Mnyanyi, J. Bakari, & T.S.A. Mbwete, “Implementing E-learning in Higher Open and Distance Learning Institutions in Developing Countries: The Experience of The Open University of Tanzania”, Fifth International Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium (LINC), Massachusetts Institute of Technology Institute of Technology, 2010.

[21]H. Mohammadi, “Investigating users’ perspectives on e-learning: An integration of TAM and IS success model”, Computers in Human Behavior, vol.45, pp.359–374, 2015.

[22]S.M. Samarasinghe, and A. Tretiakov, “eLearning system success in an organization context”, (PhD dessertation), 2012, Palmerston North-New Zealand: Massey: Massey University, [Accessed: 05/08/2016], Available: https://mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/4726/02_whole.pdf

[23]T. Oliveira, and M. Martin, “Literature Reviews of Information technology adoption models at firm levels”, The Electronic Journal Information Systems Evaluation, vol.1, pp.110-121, 2011.

[24]W. Delone, and E.R. McLean, “The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update”, Journal of Management Information Systems, vol.19, no.4, pp.9-30, 2003. [Accessed:10/06/2016], Available: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.88.3031&rep=rep1&type=pdf

[25]L. Tornatzky and M. Fleischer, The process of technology innovation, Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1990.

[26]J.K. Lee, and W.K. Lee, “The relationship of e-Learner’s self-regulatory efficacy and perception of e-Learning environmental quality”, Computers in Human Behaviour, vol.24, pp.32–47, 2008.

[27]W. DeLone, and E. McLean, “Information System Success: The Quest for Dependable variable”, Information Systems Research, vol.1, pp.60-95, 1992. [Accessed:10/06/2016], Available: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a041/45f1ca06c61f5985ab22a2346b788f343392.pdf

[28]J.S. Mtebe, and R. Raisamo, “A model for assessing Learning Management System Success in higher education in sub-Saharan countries” The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, vol.61, no.7, pp.1-17, 2014.

[29]C. Despont-Gros, H. Mueller, and C. Lovis, “Evaluating user interactions with clinical information systems: A model based on human–computer interaction models”, Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol.38, pp.244–255, 2005.

[30]A. Hassanzadeh, F. Kanaani, and S. Elahi, “A model for measuring e-learning systems success in universities”, Expert Systems with Applications, vol.39, pp.10959-10966, 2012.

[31]H. Lin, “Determinants of successful virtual communities: Contributions from system characteristics and social factors”,Information & Management, vol.45, no.8, pp.522-527, 2008. doi:10.1016/j.im.2008.08.002

[32]I. Dorobă, “Models for Measuring E-Learning Success in Universities: A Literature Review”, Informatica Economică, vol.18, no.3, pp.77-89, 2014.

[33]Y.S. Wang, H.Y. Wang, and D.Y. Shee, “Measuring e-learning systems success in an organizational context: Scale development and validation”, Computers in Human Behavior, vol.23, pp.1792–1808, 2007.

[34]C.W. Holsapple, and A. Lee-Post, “Defining, Assessing, and Promoting E-Learning Success: An Information Systems Perspective”, Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, vol.4, no.1, pp.67-85, 2006.

[35]A. Lee-Post, “e-Learning Success Model: An Information Systems Perspective”, Electronic Journal of e-Learning Volume, vol.7, no.1, pp.61-70, 2009.

[36]A. AL-Sabawy, “Measuring E-Learning Systems Success” (PhD dessertation), University of Southern Queensaland, 2013. [Online], Available: https://eprints.usq.edu.au/27422/

[37]E.T. Lwoga, “Critical success factors for adoption of web-based learning management systems in Tanzania”, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, vol.10, no.1, pp.4-21, 2014.

[38]T. Tossy, “Measuring the impacts of e-learning on students' achievements in learning process: An experience from Tanzania public universities”, The Online Journal of Distance Education and e-Learning, vol.5, no.2, pp.61-68, 2017. [Online], Available: https://www.tojdel.net/journals/tojdel/articles/v05i02/v05i02-08.pdf.

[39]Ramayah and Lee, “System Characteristics, Satisfactio and E-learning Usage: A Structural Equation Model (SEM)”, The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, vol.11, no.2, pp.196-206, 2012.

[40]J.C. Roca, & M. Gagné, “Understanding e-learning continuance intention in the workplace: A self-determination theory perspective”, Computers in Human Behavior, vol.24, pp.1585–1604, 2008.

[41]H.C. Wang, & Y.F. Chiu, “Assessing e-Learning 2.0 systems success”, Computers & Education, vol.57, no.2, pp.1790-1800, 2011

[42]J. Roca, C. Chiu, and F. Martinez, “Under-standing e-learning continuance intention: An extension of the Technology Ac-ceptance Model”, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol.64, no.8, pp.683-696, 2006.

[43]P.C. Sun, R.J. Tsai, G. Finger, Y.Y. Chen and D. Yeh, “What drives a successful e-Learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction”, Computers & Education, vol.50, pp.1183–1202, 2008.

[44]A. Keramati, M. Afshari-Mofrad, & A. Kamrani, “The role of readiness factors in E-Learning outcomes: An empirical study”, Computers & Education, vol. 57, pp.1919-1929, 2011,  [Online], Available: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0670/2f9ced315cac61a40d6c6aeb036241771778.pdf

[45]P.A. Pavlou and M. Fygenson, “Understanding and Predicting Electronic Commerce Adoption: An Extension of the Theory of Planned Behavior”, MIS Quarterly, vol.1, pp.115-143, 2011

[46]V. Ndume, F.N. Tillya, and F.N. Twaakiondo, “Challenges of Adaptive eLearning at Higher Learning Institutions: A Case Study in Tanzania”, International Journal of Computing and ICT Research, vol.2, no.1, pp.47 – 59, 2008.

[47]K.E. Kahiigi, H. Hansson, M. Danielson, F.F. Tusubira, & M. Vesisenaho, “Collaborative e-learning in a developing country: A university case study in Uganda”, The 10th European Conference on e-Learning ECEL 2011, Brighton, United Kingdom.

[48]R. Masa’deh, A. Tarhini, A.B. Mohammed, & M. Maqableh, “Modeling Factors Affecting Student’s Usage Behaviour of E-Learning Systems in Lebanon”, International Journal of Business and Management, vol.11, no.2, pp.299-312, 2016.

[49]J.B. Raouf, I.S. Naser, and B.K. Jassim, “Determinants of E-Learning Implementation Success in the Iraqi MoHE”, Eng. &Tech. Journal, vol.30, no.4, pp.659-671, 2012.

[50]G.A. Johanson, & G.P. Brooks, G. P, “Initial scale development: Sample size for pilot studies”, Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol.70, pp.394–400, 2010, [Online], Available: doi:10.1177/0013164409355692

[51]H.F. Kaiser, “An index of factorial simplicity”, Psychometrika, vol.39, no.1, pp.31–36, 1974.

[52]D. Ary, L.C. Jacobs, & A. Razavieh, Introduction to research in education, 4th ed, Fort Worth, TX: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1990.

[53]J.F. Hair, W.C. Black, B.J. Babin, and R.E.Anderson, Multivariate Data Analysis, 7th Edition, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010.

[54]T.Brown, Comfirmatory Factor Analysis for Applied Research, 2nd edition, New York: The Guilford Press, 2015.

[55]J. Cohen, Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2nd ed, Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum, 1988.