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International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT)

ISSN: 2076-1449 (Print), ISSN: 2076-9539 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJWMT Vol.10, No.1, Feb. 2020

Multipath Cluster-based Hybrid MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Author(s)

Ch Rambabu, V.V.K.D.V.Prasad, K.Satya Prasad

Index Terms

Wireless sensor network;Multi-channel;MAC Protocol;TDMA;CSMA/CA;FDMA; Energy efficiency;Collision avoidance;Cluster Head;DEEH-CB;Adv-MMAC; RBDCEER;QTSAC;MPCB-HM

Abstract

The WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is the most appearing expertise that has potential applications broad ranges that include environment examining, smart spaces, medical systems, and robotic study. The efficient energy is a consideration of vital design for WSN. In WSNs, the collision is occurred due to data transmission from the sensor nodes and the traffic at SINK node is high due to the transmission of excess data by the sensor nodes. An important division of the consumption of resources in a WSN is managed by the mechanism of MAC (Medium Access Control). An existing MAC protocols initiated for the utilization of WSNs single channel for the transmission of data. This is basically because of the reality that efficient energy is measured to be the issue of essentiality in WSNs. A new multi-channel MAC procedure MPCB-HM is proposed which utilizes CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/ Collision Avoidance), to exchange the data, the activity of TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) sequencing nodes and also FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access) to allow collision-free exchange simultaneously.  The nodes have multiple communication channels, so that the high data traffic can be shared in multiple channels. This reduces the overhead in the nodes and the Energy consumption is minimized by this method and collision free transmission is achieved. With the help of intra-cluster communication and inter-cluster communication, the MAC mode control is responsible for shifting of mode from TDMA to CSMA and vice versa. The Cluster-based topology is implemented which helps in improving the scalability and energy efficiency. By utilizing the simulator of NS2, the process is estimated and the outcomes have shown that the procedure of MAC is improved by overall network presentation compared to the other protocols. 

Cite This Paper

Ch Rambabu, V.V.K.D.V.Prasad, K.Satya Prasad, " Multipath Cluster-based Hybrid MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks ", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.10, No.1, pp. 1-16, 2020.DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2020.01.01

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