INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT)

ISSN: 2076-1449 (Print), ISSN: 2076-9539 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJWMT Vol.11, No.4, Aug. 2021

Performance Analysis of FBMC over OFDM for High Data Rate MIMO Configurations

Full Text (PDF, 765KB), PP.20-33


Views:0   Downloads:0

Author(s)

S M Shamsul Alam, Anamika Saha

Index Terms

FBMC (Filter Bank Multicarrier), OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), BER (Bit Error Rate), PAPR (Peak to Average Power Ratio), MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output).

Abstract

The burgeoning demand of high data rate in next generation wireless communication, the antecedent of the evolution of new multicarrier modulation technique FBMC (Filter Bank Multicarrier) system is OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing). Although OFDM has numerous merits but it consumes higher bandwidth due to its cyclic prefix to eliminate ISI (Inter Symbol Interference) in fading channel and shows large PAPR (Peak to Average Power Ratio) in transmission system.  To mitigate these problems, FBMC is more suitable candidate in high speed MIMO (multiple input multiple output) system. At first, in this paper, the responses of OFDM and FBMC system have been analyzed with AWGN and Rayleigh fading channel under theoretical and simulation environment. Besides this, Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) with reduction technique, clipping is applied to know the behavior of these systems. Finally, in the area of MIMO scheme, each system is concatenated with MRC, Alamouti STBC and Generalized STBC to find FBMC as superior contender for 5G. Results show that using 16 QAM modulation, BER performance of FBMC significantly achieves 2dB compared to error rate of OFDM in theoretical and empirical analyses under AWGN and Rayleigh channel. Moreover, the clipping technique enhances the response of FBMC in terms of PAPR compared to OFDM approximately 0.5 dB. In MIMO configurations, MRC-FBMC exhibits the improved performance with 2 dB approximately over MRC-OFDM system. Results also show that in the case of Alamouti STBC, at 30dB and 35dB, FBMC (2×1) and (2×2) configurations achieve BER improvement 5×10-4, 3×10-4 respectively than OFDM (2×1) and (2×2) configurations. Generalized STBC investigation reveals that to reach FBMC BER performance, OFDM needs at least 2dB increment at specific error rate. In a nutshell, this paper brings up three distinct types of appealing features of FBMC such as good BER response, reduced PAPR, and suitability in MIMO configuration compared to OFDM. These distinct features make FBMC an ultimate choice in the emerging areas of MIMO networks.

Cite This Paper

S M Shamsul Alam, Anamika Saha, " Performance Analysis of FBMC over OFDM for High Data Rate MIMO Configurations", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.11, No.4, pp. 20-33, 2021.DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2021.04.03

Reference

[1]X. Wang, “OFDM and its application to 4G,” 14th Annual International Conference on     Wireless and Optical Communications, Newark, NJ, USA, DOI: 10.1109/WOCC.2005.1553751, 2005. 

[2]M. Bhardwaj, A. Gangwar, and D. Soni, “A Review on OFDM: Concept, Scope & its Applications”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSRJMCE), vol. l, pp.  07-11, doi.org/10.9790/1684-0110711, 2012.

[3]W. Xiang, K. Zheng and X. shen, “5G Mobile Communications”, Switzerland: Springer, 2017, pp. 77-116.

[4]O. Kodheli, and  A. Guidotti, “OFDM-based Schemes for Next Generation Wireless Systems”, Thesis Book, Accessed 30 September 2016.

[5] A. N. Ibrahim, and F. L. Abdullah, “The potential of FBMC over OFDM for the future 5G mobile communication technology”,  AIP Conference Proceedings, doi: 10.1063/1.5002019, 2017.

[6]D. Sh. Almomani, “Peak to Average Power Ratio Reduction in FBMC Systems by PN-sequences”, Advances in Wireless Communications and Networks, vol. 3, iss. 6, pp. 84-89, 2017.

[7]M. Chandhini, and M. Nithika, “MIMO Beamforming With Filter Bank Multicarrier Access Technique”, International Journal of Current Trends in Engineering & Research (IJCTER), vol. 3, iss. 5, pp. 57 – 64, 2017.

[8]B. F. Boroujeny, “OFDM versus Filter Bank Multicarrier”, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 28, iss. 3, pp. 92-112, 2011.

[9]C. Kim, Y. H. Yun, K. Kim and J. Y. Seol, “Introduction to QAM-FBMC: From Waveform Optimization to System Design”, .IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 54, iss. 11, pp. 66-73, 2016.

[10]M. C. P. Paredes, and M. J. F.  García, “The Problem of Peak-to-Average Power Ratio in OFDM Systems”, Accessed 28 March 2015.

[11]B. F. Boroujeny, “Filter Bank Multicarrier Modulation: A Waveform Candidate for 5G and Beyond”,  Advances in Electrical Engineering, vol. 2014, id. 482805, doi: 10.1155/2014/482805, 2014.

[12]A. Farhang, N. Marchetti, L. E. Doyle, and B. F. Boroujeny, “Filter Bank Multicarrier for Massive MIMO”, .IEEE 80th Vehicular Technology Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada, doi:10.1109/VTCFall.2014.6965986, 2014.

[13]A. Basheer, and A. Habib, “Filter Bank Multi Carrier Based MIMO Systems for 5G Wireless Communication”, 1st International Workshop on Link- and System Level Simulations (IWSLS), doi:10.1109/IWSLS.2016.7801583, 2016.

[14]H. Nam, M. Choi, S. Han, C. Kim, S. Choi, and D. Hong, “A New Filter-Bank Multicarrier System with Two Prototype Filters for QAM Symbols Transmission and Reception”. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 15, iss. 9, pp. 5998 – 6009, 2016.

[15]Y. S. Cho, J. Kim, W. Y. Yang, and C. G. Kang, C. G. “MIMO-OFDM Wireless Communications with MATLAB. Asia, Communication, Networking and Broadcast Technologies”, John Wiley & Sons Pte Ltd., 2010.

[16]O. Edfors, M. Sandell, J. V. Beek, D. Landström, and F. jöberg, “Introduction to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). Div. of Signal Processing”, Research Report, pp. 58, 1996.

[17]A. Zafar, “Filter Bank based Multicarrier Systems for Future Wireless Networks”, P.H.D. Theses, pp. 16, 2018.

[18]M. Aldababseh, and A. Jamoos, “Estimation of FBMC/OQAM Fading Channels Using Dual Kalman Filters”. The Scientific World Journal, doi: 10.1155/2014/586403, 2014.

[19]J. Nadal, C. A. Nour, A. Baghdadi, and H. Lin, “Hardware prototyping of FBMC/OQAM baseband for 5G mobile communication”. 25th IEEE International Symposium on Rapid System Prototyping (RSP), pp. 72-77, 2017.

[20]P. Kansal, and A. K. Shankhwar, “FBMC vs OFDM Waveform Contenders for 5G Wireless Communication System”, Wireless Engineering and Technology, vp. 8, iss. 4, pp. 59-70, 2017.

[21]M. K. Simon, and M. S. Alouini, “Digital Communication over Fading Channels (A Unified Approach to Performance Analysis)”. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2000.

[22]Q. He, and A.  Schmeink, “Comparison and evaluation between FBMC and OFDM systems”, 19th International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas”, Ilmenau Germany,  2015.

[23]D. Haider, S. A. Shah, S. I. Shah, and U. Iftikhar, “MIMO Network and the Alamouti, STBC (Space Time Block Coding)”, American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 23-27, 2017.

[24]S. D. Santumon, and R. Sujatha, “Space-Time Block Coding (STBC) for Wireless Networks”, International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems (IJDPS), vol. 3, iss. 4, 2012.

[25]S. M. Alamouti, “A simple transmitter diversity scheme for wireless communications”, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 16, pp. 1451–1458, 1998.

[26]I. Estella, A. P. Iserte, and M. Payaro, “OFDM and FBMC Performance Comparison for Multistream MIMO Systems”, Future Network and Mobile Summit 2010 Conference Proceedings, Florence: Italy, 2010.

[27]L. G. Liao, and G. Sheng “A Pilot-Pattern Based Algorithm for MIMO-OFDM Channel Estimation”, International Symposium on Computer, Consumer and Control (IS3C), Xi'an, China, doi: 10.1109/IS3C.2016.249,  2016.

[28]M. Sivanagaraju and D. Siddaiah “Comprehensive Analysis of BER and SNR in OFDM Systems”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, vol. 2, iss. 2,  2014.