INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)

ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJCNIS Vol.7, No.10, Sep. 2015

Can universally composable cryptographic protocols be practical?

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Author(s)

István Vajda

Index Terms

Cryptographic protocols;provable security;universal composability

Abstract

The Universal Composability (UC) framework provides provable security guaranties for harsh application environment, where we want to construct protocols which keep security guarantees even when they are concurrently composed with arbitrary number of arbitrary (even hostile) protocols. This is a very strong guarantee. The UC-framework inherently supports the modular design, which allows secure composition of arbitrary number of UC-secure components with an arbitrary protocol. In contrast, traditional analysis and design is a stand alone analysis where security of a single instance is considered, i.e. an instance which is not in potential interaction with any concurrent instances. Furthermore, a typical traditional analysis is informal, i.e. without a formal proof. In spite of these facts, beyond the task of key-exchange this technology have not really took the attention of the community of applied cryptography. From practitioner's point of view the UC-world may seem more or less an academic interest of theoretical cryptographers. 
Accordingly we take a pragmatic approach, where we concentrate on meaningful compromises between the assumed adversarial strength, ideality wishes and realization complexity while keeping provable security guarantees within the UC-framework. We believe that even modest but provable goals (especially, if tunable to application scenarios) are interesting if a wider penetration of the UC-technology is desired into the daily-practice of protocol applications.

Cite This Paper

István Vajda,"Can universally composable cryptographic protocols be practical?", IJCNIS, vol.7, no.10, pp.23-34, 2015.DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2015.10.03

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