International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)

ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJCNIS Vol.7, No.6, May. 2015

Load Balancing Early Handoff Scheme for Multimedia Data Transmission in Wireless Networks

Full Text (PDF, 692KB), PP.1-9

Views:138   Downloads:5


Cheng-Wei Hu, Yung-Chung Wang, Jenn-Shing Wang

Index Terms

Call admission control;handoff;resource allocation;drop probability;block probability


This study developed a load balancing early handoff scheme that enables transfer part of heavy load in a base station to the others using the overlap between base stations in wireless cellular networks. The proposed scheme reduces the new call blocking probability (CBP) and handoff call connection dropping probability (CDP) as well as to increase the resource utilization of wireless networks. Since the scheme is triggered by a connection request received by the base station, it immediately reflects the loading of the base station. The proposed load balancing early handoff policy can be integrated in diverse call admission control schemes. The effectiveness of the load balancing early handoff scheme is demonstrated by integrating it with DMTBR to improve the call admission control function. Additionally, NS2 is used to simulate the load balancing early handoff scheme in a wireless network with wrap-around model. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme can effectively improve the wireless network resource utilization.

Cite This Paper

Cheng-Wei Hu, Yung-Chung Wang, Jenn-Shing Wang,"Load Balancing Early Handoff Scheme for Multimedia Data Transmission in Wireless Networks", IJCNIS, vol.7, no.6, pp.1-9, 2015.DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2015.06.01


[1]J. F. Huber, "Mobile next-generation networks," MultiMedia, IEEE, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 72–83, 2004.

[2]J. Cai, "A Probabilistic Priority Adaptive Time-Threshold-based scheme for cellular multimedia networks," presented at the Advanced Computer Control (ICACC), 2010 2nd International Conference on, 2010, vol. 5, pp. 267–272.

[3]Y. Iraqi and R. Baoutaba, "Handoff and call dropping probabilities in wireless cellular networks," Proceedings of International Conference on Wireless Networks, Communications and Mobile Computing, 2005, pp. 209-213.

[4]L. Song, L. Wu, and X. Yang, "Call admission control based on degradation and queues in wireless mobile networks," presented at the Network Infrastructure and Digital Content, 2009. IC-NIDC 2009. IEEE International Conference on, 2009, pp. 159–163.

[5]X. Chen, Bin Li, and Y. Fang, "A dynamic multiple-threshold bandwidth reservation (DMTBR) scheme for QoS provisioning in multimedia wireless networks," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 583–592, Mar. 2005.

[6]T. Issariyakul, Introduction to Network Simulator Ns2. Springer Science+Business Media, 2012.

[7]"The Network Simulator - ns-2." [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 26-Dec-2014].

[8]I. Katzela and M. Naghshineh, "Channel assignment schemes for cellular mobile telecommunication systems: a comprehensive survey," Personal Communications, IEEE, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 10–31, 1996.

[9]W. Li and A. S. Alfa, "Channel reservation for handoff calls in a PCS network," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 95–104, 2000.

[10]R. Fantacci, "Performance evaluation of prioritized handoff schemes in mobile cellular networks," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 485–493, 2000.

[11]W. Zhuang, B. Bensaou, and K. C. Chua, "Adaptive quality of service handoff priority scheme for mobile multimedia networks," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 494–505, 2000.

[12]J. Li, N. B. Shroff, and E. K. P. Chong, "Channel carrying: a novel handoff scheme for mobile cellular networks," Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 38–50, 1999.

[13]D. Hong and S. Rappaport Stephen, "Traffic model and performance analysis for cellular mobile radio telephone systems with prioritized and nonprioritized handoff procedures," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 77–92, 1986.

[14]P. Camarda, G. Schiraldi, F. Talucci, and R. Valla, "Mobility and performance modeling in cellular communication networks," ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 25–32, Oct. 1997.

[15]V. K. N. Lau and S. V. Maric, "Mobility of queued call requests of a new call-queueing technique for cellular systems," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 480–488, 1998.

[16]P. L. Hiew and M. Zukerman, "Teletraffic issues related to channel allocation in digital mobile cellular networks," Proceedings of INFOCOM '98. Seventeenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, IEEE, 1998, vol. 1, pp. 43–50.

[17]J. Jiang and T.-H. Lai, "An efficient approach to support QoS and bandwidth efficiency in high-speed mobile networks," presented at the Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, 2000, vol. 2, pp. 980–984.

[18]C. K. Toh and W. K. Tsai, "Intelligent control of QoS adaptation in next generation wireless broadband networks," Journal of High Speed Networks, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2001.

[19]L. M. Far and H. Beigy, "A new fractional call admission control scheme in integrated cellular network," presented at the Electro/Information Technology, 2009. eit '09. IEEE International Conference on, 2009, pp. 332–337.

[20]Y. Zhu, "A New Class-Based Traffic Queue Management Algorithm in the Internet," KSII TIIS, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 575–596, 2009.

[21]T. Zhang, E. van den Berg, J. Chennikara, P. Agrawal, J.-C. Chen, and T. Kodama, "Local predictive resource reservation for handoff in multimedia wireless IP networks," Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1931–1941, 2001.

[22]M. T. Tran, Y. H. Kim, and J. Le, "Load Balancing and Mobility Management in Multi-homed Wireless Mesh Networks.," KSII TIIS, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 959–975, 2011.

[23]S. Prapojjanaporn, K. Kittiwaytang, and C. Aswakul, "Performance Evaluation of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks with Location Distribution and Migration of User Equipments," presented at the ISMS '13: Proceedings of the 2013 4th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modeling and Simulation, 2013, pp. 584–588.

[24]S. Ann, K. G. Lee, and H. S. Kim, "A Path Selection Method in IEEE 802.16j Mobile Multi-hop Relay Networks," presented at the Sensor Technologies and Applications, 2008. SENSORCOMM '08. Second International Conference on, 2008, pp. 808–812.

[25]S. H. Lee and Y. B. Ko, "A Bandwidth Adaptive Path Selection Scheme in IEEE 802.16 Relay Networks," KSII TIIS, vol. 5, no.3, pp. 477–493, 2011.

[26]S. Choi and K. G. Shin, "Predictive and adaptive bandwidth reservation for hand-offs in QoS-sensitive cellular networks," Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM'98 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communication, New York, New York, USA, 1998, pp. 155–166.

[27]Z. Xu, Z. Ye, S. V. Krishnamurthy, and S. K. Tripathi, "A new adaptive channel reservation scheme for handoff calls in wireless cellular networks," Proceedings of NETWORKING 2002: Networking Technologies, Services, and Protocols; Performance of Computer and Communication Networks; Mobile and Wireless Communications Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2002, pp 672–684

[28]W.-S. Soh and H. S. Kim, "Dynamic guard bandwidth scheme for wireless broadband networks," presented at the INFOCOM 2001. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings. IEEE, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 572–581.

[29]B. Tolg and W. Bziuk, "A new topology-based algorithm for next cell prediction in cellular networks," presented at the Global Telecommunications Conference 2003, GLOBECOM '03. IEEE, 2003, vol. 2, pp. 919–923.

[30]H. Zeng, Y. Fang, and I. Chlamtac, "Call Blocking Performance Study for PCS Networks under More Realistic Mobility Assumptions," Telecommunication Systems, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 125–146, 2002.