International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP)

ISSN: 2074-9074 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9082 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIGSP Vol.10, No.1, Jan. 2018

Fire Extinguishing System for High-Rise Buildings and Rugged Mountainous Terrains Utilizing Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Full Text (PDF, 936KB), PP.23-29

Views:122   Downloads:15


Abdel Ilah N. Alshbatat

Index Terms

Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (QUAV);Fire Extinguishing Ball;Collision Avoidance System;Robot;Automatic Electric_Spring Operated Gun


Nowadays, fighting fires in rugged mountainous terrains or in high-rise buildings are both difficult and dangerous. High-rise buildings are containing floors at such a height or position that the deployment of external firefighting equipment and rescue operations may not be feasible or practical. Meanwhile, reaching farms located in a rugged mountainous terrain with firefighting vehicles is often impossible. From this perspective, to meet the need for a fast way to extinguish fire in an area that is hard to be approached by the conventional methods, and to offer the highest level of safety for the public and firefighters; fire extinguishing system is proposed in this paper. The system is structured with six units: Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (QUAV), Robot (Release Mechanism), Automatic Electric_Spring Operated Gun, Fire Extinguishing Ball, Collision Avoidance System, and a Camera. Quadrotor will carry a specific payload and be capable of throwing an extinguishing balls in an area that is chosen by the operator. The proposed system has been implemented, constructed, and tested in an actual scenarios. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of our drone in extinguishing fire in its initial stages and of being safe to hover over a fire, drop a fire extinguishing ball, fly back to the firefighter, and hover at 2.5 meters in the air so that it can be reloaded with a new ball without losing its stability. 

Cite This Paper

Abdel Ilah N. Alshbatat," Fire Extinguishing System for High-Rise Buildings and Rugged Mountainous Terrains Utilizing Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.10, No.1, pp. 23-29, 2018.DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2018.01.03


[1]W. Marchant, S. Tosunoglu, "Rethinking Wildfire Suppression With Swarm Robotics," Proceedings of the 29th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics, FCRAR 2016, Miami, Florida, May 12-13, 2016.

[2]K. Chandrakanth, M. Yaswanth kumar, Ch. Mahesh, "Advanced Integrated Fire Halt Robot," International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication IJRITCC, Volume: 4, Issue: 5, May 2016.

[3]C. Beltran, M. Freitas, and A. Moribe, "Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with fire Extinguishing Grenade Release and Inspection System," Florida International University, November 2013.

[4]Y. Akhade, A. Kasar, A. Honrao, N. Girme Fire, "Fighting Drone Using CO2 Boll Extinguisher," International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Volume: 5, Issue: 2, February 2017.

[5]S. Ogawa, S. Kudo, M. Koide, H. Torikai, and Y. Iwatani," Development and Control of an Aerial Extinguisher with an Inert Gas Capsule," Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetic, Bali, Indonesia, December 5-10, 2014.

[6]V. Shadrin, S. Lisakov, A. Pavlov, E. Sypin, "Development of Fire Robot Based on Quadcopter," 17th International Conference on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices EDM 2016.

[7]M. Li, W. Xu, K. Xu, J. Fan, and D. Hou, "Review of Fire Detection Technologies Based on Video Images," Journal of Theoretical & Applied Information Technology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 700-707, 2013.

[8]C. Yuan, Z Liu, and Y. Zhang," UAV-based Forest  Fire Detection and Tracking Using Image Processing Techniques," International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) ,Denver Marriott Tech Center ,Denver, Colorado, USA, June 9-12, 2015.

[9]P. Kumar, S. Rajak, G. Kumar, T. John," Vision Based Flying Robot with Sensing Devices for Multi-purpose Application," IEEE Sponsored 2nd International Conference on Innovations in Information Embedded and Communication Systems ICIIECS’15, 2015.

[10]M. Abdullah, I. Wijayanto, A. Rusdinar," Position Estimation and Fire Detection Based on Digital Video Color Space for Autonomous Quadcopter Using Odroid XU4," The 2016 International Conference on Control, Electronics, Renewable Energy and Communications (ICCEREC), Bandung, Indonesia, 2016. 

[11]P Kumar, J. Ashok, G. Narayanan," GIS based Fire Rescue System for Industries Using Quadcopter – A Novel Approach," International Conference on Microwave, Optical and Communication Engineering, Bhubaneswar, India, December 18-20, 2015.

[12]L. Zhang , B. Wang , W. Peng, C. Li , Z. Lu and Y Guo," Forest Fire Detection Solution Based on UAV Aerial Data," International Journal of Smart Home, Vol. 9, No. 8, pp.239-250, 2015.

[13]A. Ollero, J. R. Martínez-de-Dios, and L. Merino, " Unmanned Aerial Vehicles as Tools for Forest-fire Fighting," International Conference on Forest Fire Research D. X. Viegas (Ed.), 2006.

[14]M. Quaritsch, R. Kuschnig, H. Hellwagner, and B. Rinner," Fast Aerial Image Acquisition and Mosaicking for Emergency Response Operations by Collaborative UAVs," Proceedings of the 8th International ISCRAM Conference – Lisbon, Portugal, May 2011.

[15]A. Alshbatat, L. Dong, and P. Vial, "Controlling an Unmanned Quad-rotor Aerial Vehicle with Model Parameter Uncertainty and Actuator Failure," Int. J. Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp.295–322, 2016.

[16]A. Alshbatat, A. Soliman, and A. Al-Assaf, "Fuzzy-Based Obstacle Avoidance System for Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle," Proceedings of 63rd ISERD International Conference, Manchester, United Kingdom, 19th-20th January 2017.