International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP)

ISSN: 2074-9074 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9082 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIGSP Vol.12, No.6, Dec. 2020

A Comparative Evaluation of Feature Extraction and Similarity Measurement Methods for Content-based Image Retrieval

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S.M. Mohidul Islam, Rameswar Debnath

Index Terms

RST invariant, color, texture, shape, similarity, comparative evaluation


Content-based image retrieval is the popular approach for image data searching because in this case, the searching process analyses the actual contents of the image rather than the metadata associated with the image. It is not clear from prior research which feature or which similarity measure performs better among the many available alternatives as well as what are the best combinations of them in content-based image retrieval. We performed a systematic and comprehensive evaluation of several visual feature extraction methods as well as several similarity measurement methods for this case. A feature vector is created after color and/or texture and/or shape features extraction. Then similar images are retrieved using different similarity measures. From experimental results, we found that color moment and wavelet packet entropy features are most effective whereas color autocorrelogram, wavelet moment, and invariant moment features show narrow result. As a similarity measure, cosine and correlation measures are robust in maximum cases; Standardized L2 in few cases and on average, city block measure retrieves more similar images whereas L1 and Mahalanobis measures are less effective in maximum cases. This is the first such system to be informed by a rigorous comparative analysis of the total six features and twelve similarity measures. 

Cite This Paper

S.M. Mohidul Islam, Rameswar Debnath, " A Comparative Evaluation of Feature Extraction and Similarity Measurement Methods for Content-based Image Retrieval", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.12, No.6, pp. 19-32, 2020.DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2020.06.03


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