International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS)

ISSN: 2075-0161 (Print), ISSN: 2075-017X (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJMECS Vol.12, No.4, Aug. 2020

Proposal of a Digital Ecosystem Based on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence to Support Educational and Vocational Guidance

Full Text (PDF, 910KB), PP.1-11

Views:72   Downloads:3


Essaid EL HAJI, Abdellah Azmani

Index Terms

Digital Ecosystem, guidance, Artificial Intelligence, Big data, SMA, Expert System, Ontology.


The work in this article focuses on the modelling of an intelligent digital ecosystem for educational and career guidance for students and young people seeking their first job or retraining. To do so, the multi-expert system paradigm was used to aggregate the different expertises required for a good guidance, the multi-agent system principle was used to have a modular and easily scalable ecosystem. Indeed, the agents of the system communicate with each other using the FIPA-ACL language, in a collaborative vision, throughout the orientation assistance process to perform tasks such as proposing business sectors, occupations, training, and training paths. The ontologies of the Semantic Web have been used to have a complete semantic description of the shared information and to promote communication between the different software agents of the ecosystem. Big Data principles have also been deployed to manage and exploit structured and unstructured data from different data sources related to the guidance ecosystem.
The ecosystem modeled in this way has several innovative and powerful technological and scientific aspects. Thus, in terms of design and modelling, the proposed ecosystem considers all the actors and factors involved in the guidance process, including labor market trends. In technological/scientific terms, it is based on methods that allow it to be modular and scalable.

Cite This Paper

Essaid EL HAJI, Abdellah Azmani, " Proposal of a Digital Ecosystem Based on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence to Support Educational and Vocational Guidance", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.12, No.4, pp. 1-11, 2020.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2020.04.01


[1]J.C.Pomerol, "Systèmes Experts et SIAD: enjeux et conséquences pour les organisations," TIS, vol. 3, no. 1, 1990.

[2]S. Davies and N. Guppy, "Fields of study, college selectivity, and student inequalities in higher education," Social Forces, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 1417–1438, 1997.

[3]J.C Simpson, "Segregated by subject: racial differences in the factors influencing academic major between European Americans, Asian Americans, and African, Hispanic, and native Americans," Journal of Higher Education, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 63–100, 2001.

[4]K.M. Galotti, Making, "a Major real-life decision: college students choosing an academic major," Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 379–387, 1999.

[5]C. A.Coperthwaite, "The effect of self-esteem, locus of control, and background factors on college students’ choice of an academic major," in Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA, 1994.

[6]P. J. Rottinghaus N. E. Betz, "Current research on parallel measures of interests and confidence for basic dimensions of vocational activity," Journal of Career Assessment, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 56–76, 2006.

[7]R. M. Smith, J. J. Levy, F. T. Leon and L. W. Gibson J. W. Lounsbury, "Personality characteristics of business majors as de fined by the Big Five and narrow personality traits," Journal of Education for Business, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 200–206, 2009.

[8]K.Leppel, "Race, Hispanic ethnicity, and the future of the college business major in the United Sates," Journal of Education for Business, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 209–215, 2001.

[9]N. A. Steckler, and J. Leserman N. C. Ware, "Undergraduate woman: who chooses a science major?," Journal of Higher Education, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 73–84 , 1985.

[10]Abdellah Azmani, Mohamed El Harzli Essaid El Haji, "Multi-expert system design for educational and career guidance: an approach based on a multi-agent system and ontology," International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI), vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 46-52, 2014.

[11]FIPA, Fipa acl message structure specification. Technical report., 2002.

[12]G. Caire and D. Greenwood F.L. Bellifemine, Developing Multi-Agent Systems with JADE.

[13]T. R. Gruber, "A translation approach to portable ontologies. Knowledge Acquisition," Knowledge Acquisition, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 199-220, 1993.

[14]T. R Gruber, "Toward Principles for the Design of Ontologies used for Knowledgement Sharing," In International Journal of HumanComputer Studies, vol. 43, no. 5-6, pp. 907-928, 1995.

[15]G. Diallo, "Une Architecture à Base d’Ontologies pour la Gestion Unifiée des Données Structurées et non Structurées, ," Université Joseph Fourie, Grenoble, Thesis : I École Doctorale MSTII 2008.

[16]F.Amourache, "Construction d’une ontologie basée compétence pour l’annotation des Cvs/Offres d’emploi," 2008.

[17]J.EL BOUHDIDI, "Une Architecture Intelligente Orientée Objectifs basée sur les Ontologies et les Systèmes Multi-agents pour la Génération des Parcours d’Apprentissage Personnalisés (Thèse de doctorat)," 2013.