International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS)

ISSN: 2075-0161 (Print), ISSN: 2075-017X (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJMECS Vol.4, No.8, Aug. 2012

Performance Comparison of Routing protocols Using Different Mobility Models

Full Text (PDF, 725KB), PP.54-61

Views:217   Downloads:2


Shailender Gupta,Chirag Kumar,Seema Rani,Bharat Bhushan

Index Terms

Mobility,Routing protocols,Mobility Models


Communication in Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is accomplished using routing protocols. These protocols provide an efficient and reliable path for data sharing. In static environment where the nodes are stationary these protocols performs exceptionally well but in an environment having mobile nodes the performance of these protocols degrade drastically. To investigate this factor various researchers developed mobility models using simulation tools such as QUALNET, NS-2 etc. These models represent the erratic movement of nodes and give us an idea regarding their location, velocity and acceleration change over time. This paper is an effort to study the effect of mobility models such as Random Way Point, File and Group Mobility Models on the performance of routing protocols using QUALNET simulator. The results show that the choice of mobility models affect the performance of routing protocol significantly.

Cite This Paper

Shailender Gupta,Chirag Kumar,Seema Rani,Bharat Bhushan,"Performance Comparison of Routing protocols Using Different Mobility Models", IJMECS, vol.4, no.8, pp.54-61, 2012.


[1]J. E. Wieselthier, E. Altman, A. Ephremides, J. P. Macker, H. B. Russell, M. Steenstrup, and S. B. Wicker," Wireless ad hoc networks – part II", IEEE Journal on SAC , Volume 23, Number 3, March 2005.

[2]Hany Samuel,Weihua Zhuang,Bruno Preiss,"DTN Based Dominating Set Routing for MANET in Heterogeneous Wireless Networking", Journal Mobile Networks and Applications Volume 14 Issue 2, April 2009 Pages 154 - 164.

[3]Charles E. Perkins, "Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks," Addison-Wesley(2000). 

[4]Giorgos Papastergiou, Ioannis Psaras , Vassilis Tsaoussidis," Deep-Space Transport protocol: A Novel Transport Scheme for Space DTNs", Computer Communications Volume 32, Issue 16, 15 October 2009, Pages 1757–1767 , Elsevier.

[5]J. Mackar and S. Corson, RFC 2501, "Mobile Ad hoc Networking (MANET): Routing protocol Performance Issues and Evaluation Considerations", IETF 1999.

[6]Chim Yuen Chong, Raymond Seah Kwang Wee, Sim Soon Lian, Tan Jia Hui,"Moblie Ad hoc Networking", Htm.

[7]Laura Marie Feeney. A taxonomy for routing protocols in mobile ad hoc networks. Technical report, Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Sweden, 1999.


[9]Tracy Camp, Jeff Boleng, Vanessa Davies," A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad Hoc Network Research" , Wireless Communication & Mobile Computing (WCMC): Special issue on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking:Research, Trends and Applications, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 483-502, 2002.

[10]Bhavyesh Divecha, Ajith Abraham, Crina Grosan and Sugata Sanyal,"Impact of node mobility on MANET routing protocols models" ,Journal of Digital Information Management, Feb 1 2007.

[11]Nicholas Cooper and Natarajan Meghanathan,"Impact of Mobility Models in Multi-Path Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks",International Journal Of Computer Networks & Communications (IJCNC), Vol. 2, No.1, January 2010.

[12]Santosh Kumar, S C Sharma Bhupendra Suman,"Classification and Evaluation of Mobility Metrics for Mobility Model Movement Patterns in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks",International journal on applications of graph theory in wireless ad hoc and sensor networks (GRAPH-HOC) Vol.3, No.3, September 2011.

[13]Michael Feeley, Norman Hutchinson, and Suprio Ray,"Realistic Mobility for Mobile Ad Hoc Network Simulation",I. Nikolaidis et al. (Eds.): ADHOC-NOW 2004, LNCS 3158, pp. 324–329, 2004.

[14]P. Venkateswaran, Rahul Ghosh, Aritra Das, S.K. Sanyal, R. Nandi,"An Obstacle Based Realistic Ad-Hoc Mobility Model for Social Networks",JOURNAL OF NETWORKS, VOL. 1, NO. 2, JUNE 2006.

[15]Cedric Gael AboueNze, Frederic Guinand and Yoann Pign,"Impact of Obstacles on the Degree of Mobile Ad Hoc Connection Graphs",arXiv:0911.0141v1 [cs.NI] 1 Nov 2009.

[16]Amit Jardosh, Elizabeth M. BeldingRoyer, Kevin C. Almeroth, Subhash Suri,"Towards Realistic Mobility Models For Mobile Ad hoc Networks",MobiCom'03, September 14–19, 2003, San Diego, California, USA.

[17]Amit Jardosh, E. M. Belding-Royer, K. C. Almeroth, and S. Suri, "Real world Environment Models for Mobile Ad hoc Networks," IEEE Journal on Special Areas in Communications - Special Issue on Wireless Ad hoc Networks, vol. 23, pp. 622-632, 2005.

[18]Chirag Kumar, C.K. Nagpal, Bharat Bhushan, Shailender Gupta,"Reachability Analysis of Mobility Models under Idealistic and Realistic Environments", published in proceedings by springer, wimoa-2012,page no. 519-528.